A Historical Town with Art and Entertainment
American pioneer John Armstrong Sr. laid the plan for the settlement of Carlisle in 1751. He fathered John Armstrong Jr., who was born in Carlisle in 1758. Scots-Irish immigrants settled in the town and farmed the Cumberland Valley. They named the settlement after its sister town of Carlisle, Cumberland, England, and even built its former jailhouse (which Cumberland County now uses as general government offices) to resemble The Citadel in the English city
The U.S. Army War College, located at the Carlisle Barracks, prepares high-level military personnel and civilians for strategic leadership responsibilities. Carlisle Barracks ranks among the oldest U.S. Army installations and the most senior military educational institution in the United States Army, and is home of the United States Army Heritage and Education Center, an archives and museum complex open to the public.
Carlisle also hosts Dickinson College and Penn State Dickinson School of Law.
Carlisle is famous to many people for its car shows, put on regularly by Carlisle Events throughout the spring, summer, and fall at the Carlisle Fairgrounds. In addition to the regularly scheduled shows there are specialty shows, including the GM Nationals, the Ford Nationals, the Chrysler Nationals, the Truck Nationals, Corvettes, and the Import/Kit Car Nationals.
Most likely because of its location at the intersection of two major trucking routes (I-81 and I-76)
It is the home of The Central Pennsylvania Youth Ballet (CPYB), a ballet school and performing company known internationally for their alumni.
Carlisle is the headquarters of the Giant Food supermarkets in Pennsylvania and Ahold.
The Borough was home to the Washington Redskins training camp for many years. In 1986, cornerback Darrell Green ran the 40-yard dash at Dickinson College in 4.09 seconds. Although the result was unofficial, it is the fastest “legitimate” time ever recorded in the 40-yard dash.
Cars and Events
Since 1974, Carlisle Events has been hosting collector car and truck events at the massive fairgrounds in Carlisle, PA. These family-friendly shows feature something for everyone – including special vehicle displays, part vendors, burnout contests, beauty contests, demonstrations, stunt shows, live music, special guest appearances, industry professionals, Women’s Oasis, kid’s activities and even two collector car auctions, one in the spring and the other in the fall.
United States Army War College
The United States Army War College (USAWC) is a U.S. Army educational institution in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on the 500-acre (2 km²) campus of the historic Carlisle Barracks. It provides graduate-level instruction to senior military officers and civilians to prepare them for senior leadership assignments and responsibilities.
According to U.S. Army regulation 10–44, the mission of the War College is “To prepare selected military, civilian, and international leaders for the responsibilities of strategic leadership; educate current and future leaders on the development and employment of landpower in a joint, multinational and interagency environment; conduct research and publish on national security and military strategy; and engage in activities in support of the Army’s strategic communication efforts.”
Established from the principles learned in the Spanish–American War, the College was founded by Secretary of War Elihu Root and U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, and formally established by General Order 155 on 27 November 1901. Washington Barracks—now called Fort Lesley J. McNair—in Washington, D.C. was chosen as the site. Roosevelt attended the Masonic laying of the cornerstone of Roosevelt Hall on 21 February, 1903. The first president of the Army War College was Major General Samuel B. M. Young in July 1902 and the first students attended the College in 1904. During the presidency of Montgomery M. Macomb in 1916, President Woodrow Wilson accused students and staff of planning for taking part in an offensive war, even though the United States had not entered World War I. Wilson was unconvinced by Macomb’s explanation that the college was concerned only with the intellectual growth and professional development of its students, and insisted that the school curtail its activities in order to ensure that the U.S. maintained its neutrality. The College remained at Washington Barracks until the 1940s, when it was closed due to World War II. It reopened in 1950 at Fort Leavenworth, and moved one year later to its present location.